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This Costing Manual was developed by the Costing Collaborative members of the Joint Learning Network for Universal Health Coverage. It is the first costing specific resource that bridges costing theory — what you should do — with practical, step by step guidance on what you can do to address multiple challenges related to costing for provider payment in low and middle income countries.

The manual takes traditional guidelines on step down cost accounting one step further by providing practical options to overcome the real life challenges associated with costing in low and middle income countries. Some common challenges addressed in the manual include data constraints, different concerns of public and private providers, and weak cross-institutional collaboration, among others.

This manual provides tools and templates based on the day to day experiences of a network of practitioners that can be adapted to a variety of contexts due to the unique, collaborative approach used in its design. The diversity of experiences reflected in each step of the manual offers a range of options that practitioners from other countries can draw on to become their own costing experts to improve provider payment policy processes.

摩登乐龄项目: 关注并培养创业家和企业对乐龄领域创新创业的兴趣,旨在增加能够满足老龄人口需求的企业数量,提升乐龄产业产品和服务的质量。